Explanation of dualism in Dvaita Vedanta
The Dvaita Vedanta philosophy supports a dualism between God and the universe. It does so by theorizing the existence of two separate realities. The first and the more important reality is that Vishnu or Brahman. Vishnu is the supreme Self, God. He is the one and only absolute truth of the universe, the independent reality.
What is the philosophy of Vedanta?
Vedanta means “end of the Vedas”, Vedanta reflects ideas that emerged from, or were aligned with. This is by virtue of speculations and philosophies. Which is there in the Upanishads, it implies, knowledge and liberation. Vedanta contains many sub-traditions. It is based on the basis of a common textual connection called the Prasthanatrayi
Dvaita Vedanta Explained – The Philosophy of Dualism
Vedanta is one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy based on the Upanishads. Vedanta means the end of Vedas (ved-anta). Many spiritual masters and gurus have interpreted Upanishads. But in different forms across the infinite span of time. The philosophy says that the text is central to this philosophy of Brahma Sutras. It is the pursuit of knowledge into Brahman and Atman.
The most well-known schools of Vedanta are Advaita Vedanta (school of non-dualism). Visistha Vedanta (school of qualified non-dualism. Also is the Dvaita Vedanta (school of dualism). Dvaita Vedanta identifies Atman (soul) and Brahman as separate and non-interchangeable entities. Dvaita classifies everything in the universe into two realities.
Brahman alone is the supreme of all vedas.
Spread by Sri Madhvacharya, Dvaita Vedanta is above all. It describes Brahman as superior to all souls and is perfect in aspects. The Brahman knows all past, present, and future and has all the knowledge in the universe. He is one of the most powerful, compassionate, and wise. The only way to salvation (moksha) is to feel love and devotion toward the supreme.
The supreme soul (Brahman) is independent, and all other souls are dependent on him.
The existence of God is demonstrable by logical proof. Supported by the Upanishads that best describes its nature. Sri Madhvacharya, in Dvaita Vedanta, identifies Brahman in the form of Lord Vishnu. But, here Vishnu is not considered part of Trimurti. Instead the Brahman is held as a supreme soul itself (Absolute reality)
Dvait Vedanta and its double interpretation
If there is one and only supreme God, how come there be hundreds of gods in Hinduism is the question? The answer to this is simpler than expected. The devas are the souls of people who God rewarded for their ultimate devotion and salvation. As Brahman is the only one whose form cannot be changed. Whereas all the other forms of all other beings can be changed. Even gods other than Brahman can be promoted or demoted into higher and lower forms. According to Madhvacharya, other gods are mortal too. They keep changing their form after their death
The dualism factor
Existence is one aspect of reality; it does not exhaust it, nor is it the highest expression. God is but, a mere being that is of primary significance to the religious consciousness.
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